Can your city learn some lessons from Malta when it comes to proving fair mobility for all, including those with mobility handicaps? (Lessons that they themselves are, ever so sadly, not learning. At least not thus far. ) Let me put this in other, stronger words. If your city is not giving careful attention to these equitable pedestrian issues, well you are living in a seriously underdeveloped, inequitable, third-rate city. Face it! Let us hear what Kevin Cutajar of the Gozo Federation Persons with Disability has to say on this as he goes eye to eye with government authorities on this important issue. If he does not speak up, who will?
A walk on the pavement
Do I have a right to walk on our pavements? Unfortunately, my answer is an outright no. This is the feeling of many individuals with a disability, like me, who attempt to move around on their own or else in someone else’s company.
The state of the pavements surely does not facilitate accessibility and it is difficult to change the general mentality despite an awareness campaign that has been going on for years. Nonetheless, I’m not the kind of person who gives up and, through this article, I hope to give another good push to the much-desired change.
This is no finger-pointing exercise. What I am focusing on is a bad mentality that needs to change.
The main cause of inaccessibility is the structure of the pavements itself.
Those who build pavement evidently seem to think that the pavement can be anything but a space where people can walk both comfortably and safely.
We find pavements that are so narrow that one can hardly keep the right balance while walking on them. There are others that are half a metre above street level, flat with the road or just a few centimetres high. Getting on and off high pavements is difficult for everyone but for some people with a disability that becomes an impossible task.
Extremely low pavements can be very dangerous because vehicles can easily mount them and hit pedestrians. Pedestrians with a disability, who need to feel the edge to determine where the pavement ends, can easily walk onto the road.
And what about ramps?
Ramps make it easier to get on and off pavements and they mushroomed over the past couple of decades. More are needed but this is not what worries me most. My biggest concern is the existing ramps because they vary in size and, as a result, not all are accessible.
Sometimes, we build ramps just for the sake of having them, without bearing in mind whether they can be effectively used or not. In other cases, we perceive ramps simply as an accessory to our garages, facilitating driving the car in or out. What we often end up with, however, is an alternation of pavements and ramps instead of just one straight smooth pavement and, hence, pavements and ramps that are totally unusable.
In order to have ramps that are accessible to people with a disability, they have to be sufficiently wide and with a gradient that does not make them too steep. Furthermore, they should be bounded by railings on all sides to make them safe. Also, access to and out of ramps should be kept clear at all times.
A common denominator for both pavements and ramps is the kind of material used for their construction. The material that is sometimes used is either slippery or so rough one can easily stumble. We tend to look more at the aesthetic side than at how easy it is for people to walk on them.
It gets worse when pavements and ramps are damaged, at times because of the low quality material used, and are left in that condition for a long time. The end result is that they are not used.
The state of the pavements surely does not facilitate accessibility .
What also make pavements inaccessible are the multitude of obstacles of every kind that are placed on them. From experience, I would classify such obstacles in two categories: those of a permanent and of a temporary nature.
Obstacles of a permanent nature can vary from trees to plants and from flower beds to holes in the ground which are intended for the planting of plants or to erect other objects, such as poles, signposts and street furniture.
Such items are often placed on pavements because of lack of space. In a country like Malta, where space is very limited, this is understandable but not necessarily acceptable. When objects are placed on pavements, further restricting space, walking there becomes a mighty challenge for persons with a disability. Things do not get much better when such items are placed on the side of pavements or, worse, left hanging or sticking out.
It ought to be noted that in this country pavements are narrow and, hence, the only real solution is to ensure they are completely clear of any objects.
When objects are placed on pavements permanently, persons with a disability might get used to the situation and, by time, learn how to make their way past them. That is, of course, no solution but at times it can work.
What persons with disability can definitely never get used to are obstacles of a temporary nature.
A person with a disability can use a pavement safely and comfortably only if he has peace of mind that he will find such a pavement in the condition he expects it to be. So, as it is often the case in Malta, if a person with a disability comes along in the morning and he finds the pavement obstructed by black plastic bags awaiting the rubbish collector, there is a good possibility he would be stuck. Unlike others, persons with a disability are often unable to walk an obstacle, get off the pavement or walk around it.
I would like to point out three situations that particularly annoy me.
My first concern are the vehicles parked on pavements. This is a bad habit the Maltese have and which they cannot get rid of.
Another obstacle that hinders pedestrians, particularly those with a disability, are pavements, jam-packed with tables and chairs in front of restaurants and bars. I appreciate that restaurant and bar owners have their requirements but I expect them to respect passers-by and leave sufficient space for them.
There is then pet excrement and liquid or jellylike stuff on pavements. Such stuff can hinder persons with a disability, whether they notice it or not. It is therefore imperative that such material, which more often than not is nothing but litter, is cleaned off immediately by whoever is responsible.
This is no finger-pointing exercise. What I am focusing on is a bad mentality that needs to change. After all, if pavements become accessible, persons with a disability stand to gain also in terms of the dangers that inaccessibility give rise to.
This is a subject that deserves to be dealt with on its own. So, for the time-being, I just hope this contribution attracts the attention of both the authorities and the people in general so that, together, we can make our pavements accessible. Then, perhaps one day I will be in a position to say that my right to walk on our pavements is being finally safeguarded.
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About the author:
Kevin Cutajar is president of the Gozo Federation Persons with Disability. The aim of the federation is to foster co-operation between its organisations to look into problems affecting persons with disabilities; to arouse public awareness about persons with disabilities and their families and to recommend measures to the authorities to help persons with disabilities. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
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About the editor:
9, rue Gabillot, 69003 Lyon France
Bio: Britton is an American political scientist and sustainability activist who has lived and worked in Paris since 1969. Professor of Sustainable Development, Economy and Democracy at the Institut Supérieur de Gestion (Paris), he is also MD of EcoPlan Association, an independent advisory network providing strategic counsel for government and business on policy and decision issues involving complex systems, social-technical change and sustainable development. Founding editor of World Streets, his latest book, "BETTER CHOICES: Bringing Sustainable Transport to Your City" focuses on the subject of environment, equity, economy and efficiency in city transport and public space, and helping governments to ask the right questions. A pre-publication edition of Better Choices is currently undergoing an international peer review during Sept.- Oct. 2017, with the goal of publication in English and Chinese editions by end-year. If you wish to participate drop a line to BetterChoices@ecoplan.org .