The state of Penang has its own state legislature and executive, but they have relatively limited powers in comparison with those of the Malaysian federal government, chiefly in areas of revenues and taxation. Local and state government hold the first level of keys to transport and land use policy, investments and operation in Penang. This relationship can become particularly cumbersome and problematic when national and local government are lead by opposing political parties, which is presently the case.
The listing immediately to your right identifies the elected and appointed political units that determine public policy in Penang, both state-wide and locally.
* Kindly let us know if there are any errors or omissions on this list so that we can complete it for our readers’ future reference. Thank you.